Listening

IELTS Listening Section 4 fill-examination skills

IELTS Test Listening Section 4 is the fourth part of the most difficult part of the hearing test, this part is often based on the type of academic-based lectures there, involving highly specialized vocabulary or information, the question form to fill in the form of multi- appear. In the hearing, the candidates are not familiar with the professional plus hear many unfamiliar words, a psychological defense to crumble.

But in fact, according to the author many years of teaching experience found on the IELTS listening test of hearing difficulty, the majority of the information is not really a difficult test center, candidates provided they have a high school English vocabulary, a lot of information, or understand, fill was right. In this paper, candidates are designed to provide practical examination skills, to help candidates improve their section 4 in the fill-in accuracy.

I found the original hearing mostly mini-lecture (small talk) in the form, many of which corresponds to the fill-in, often in the form of class notes note the topic. In fact the subject was equal to the original content described in the Lecturer points recorded in the paper. If you look at the candidates to reverse thinking in the content of the candidates have not heard before, even with the main points of note on the record, we have been able to know about to hear this Lecture will discuss the main contents of the original candidates in the hearing before the forecast test center part of speech the word is particularly important. By predicting the test center, candidates will be able to “word vast sea” of targeted, to be supplemented by prompt words, candidates will be able to have a purpose, to selectively capture some of the study of the information, and let go of some of the transition of information, so that can reduce the burden of their own hearing and make the theme of enhancing accuracy.

In addition to words and tips to determine the test center outside of the word, they also remind the candidates to pay attention to Lecturer (speaker) is talking about the main aspects of the time, will introduce a specific description of some of the small, the speaker in order to make the audience more aware of the grasp his / her speech, the main message, will use some of the more consistent series of logical word to a few small areas. Candidates can use these words to determine what the speaker is now talking about a message, to reduce the burden of their hearing, and even if some weak candidates on the basis of the basic clear case of the general content of lectures, questions, or would do organic out. Cambridge IELTS 4 Test 2 in the Section 4, for example:

Browse through a rough second note has been provided to the candidates the kinds of questions the information, candidates can easily be judged in this part of the lecture consists of three aspects, namely: corporate crime is what the ignore (the factors are ignored), reason (reason), effects (impact).

 

33-34. Neglected factor

① part of speech and word prediction test sites to determine the prompt words

33 and 34 to hear the term should be two terms or phrases (depending on the number of words limit this problem, no more than three words to judge), of which 33 questions of the term, seminar speaker also referred to as an example to illustrate films , so the candidates can be judged the following information:

General tips word:. .. Ignored by.. . (Candidates can focus on this information, the content once mentioned the word or similar terms, then followed by the noun phrase it is likely that the answer lies)

There is also an additional 33 questions prompt words: films

② Note the original hearing the word among the possible logic

In the hearing process, the candidates will hear:. .. It (corporate crime) has been relatively ignored by the mass media-for example,. .. And films and so on.. . Which determined 33 of the answer is: mass media;

Then immediately after that hearing: And it also tends to.. Candidates also when they hear, they should realize that now the speaker has been talking about the second factor is ignored, and in the subsequent content can be heard:. .. Be ignored in academic circles.. . Which also determine the answer to 34 down: academic circles.

And this part of the author talking about other information, is secondary information, the candidates do not focus on the information above.

The problem-solving skills also apply after the test center.

35-36. Is ignored because

Hearing the original text followed by the speaker introduced the corporate crime is ignored because, according to the provided note, you can expect the speaker will talk about three reasons. After repeating the above two steps, you can determine:

35 question test center part of speech the word is a noun or noun phrase, suggesting that the word is more complex, need;

36 question test center part of speech the word is a verb phrase, suggesting that the word is victims

In the hearing process, the candidates will hear:

There are several reasons for.. . Can be judged on the grounds began to turn to a description. . .. It’s very complex,. .. Hear the complex, which later need to pay attention to what information, the answer is a noun phrase. . .. To follow what’s going on without specialist knowledge. Followed closely by listening to the candidates in this information, it is easy to determine the noun phrase should be specialist knowledge.

. .. As well as this,. .. Candidates can be judged an explanation of why the second point, but the second point, and no test sites, this information can be let go. . .. The third reason.. Access the third reason for the discussion. .. Is that very often the victims are unaware.. According to victims that prompted the word candidates can quickly determine the answer.

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - 17 September 2011 at 09:05

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Breakdown of the context of IELTS Listening

IELTS Listening Test is the most important part of one of its test from the forefront of communicative forms of development – Task-based testing, its purpose is to examine the candidates in the English language environment, the natural ability to adapt to the language and understanding. However, the hearing has always been a smooth passage of the Chinese language learners of English exams in the course of a chronic problem. Many of the candidates in English reading, writing, translation, and many other areas have shown a strong power, but happen in this part of the listening problems. Many candidates who are pro forma IELTS listening part of the play is not as good as to make the efforts of candidates for a long time in vain. In this article, I will be listening for the IELTS exam skills were the key to do a few concluding questions.

IELTS listening test a total of 40 minutes, 30 minutes of listening time and 10 minutes transcribed answer time. So how efficient and rational use of IELTS listening test of time?

IELTS not scheduled because of time devoted to candidates answer questions, and hearing the recording material only play once, exam candidates must read the test instructions and side issues, while listening to recorded material, but also to record information that the word, write the answer , time pressure is huge. As in real life situations faced by the same candidates must listen at the same time we must respond quickly to complete the task. Understand or do not know whether it is, difficult or easy, candidates have only one chance! Therefore, if there is no proper examination skills, in order to get a good result are a whimsical.

IELTS Listening To the examination room in a tight on to win, you must follow a highest principle, that is, “making a positive and active listener and focus on key information.” And the highest principles and strategies to implement the IELTS listening test in 5 areas:

① Reading Question: Prior to each examination will be placed in a recording on the exam requirements, exam requirements for the already clear in mind of the candidates, can use this recording time reading problems. First spend a few seconds to turn it again from start to finish on the paper, the purpose is to see how many of each part of the general question, what kinds of questions there, so that several can be less heart. Then use the remaining recording time to read the issue SECTION 4, SECTION 1 when they heard the words, and then the questions began to read SECTION 1. SECTION 4 SECTION because the four most difficult, and there 10 questions in one breath, with no pause, so use this time to read the first issue, you can reduce the future burden. But I think most people read SECTION 1 & 2 question time (including examination time) have more, it might move to support the more difficult part of the back, but only if you do not see the back of the title and missed the play in front of time.

When the hearing test begins, the test should be carefully listening to instructions, quick pre-read examples and problems, the relationships among them were analyzed to understand the relationship between the speaker and the topic of discourse and scenes involved. Instructions for each part of the test questions will be prompted to pay attention in addition to the Question, the general also outlined three issues: the spoken account of the subject; tell who the speaker or speakers; and account for dialogue or lecture takes place (This passage is not in the book questions, please note.) Therefore, the process of reading the title of the hearing to establish a framework for text information.

② guess the title: the problem of semantics aside Center (located intent question) and keywords (to capture the information needed to answer the key signal words) to analyze the information structure implied in the meantime relations and lexical cohesion relations, and will hear the contents of the do the appropriate association and prediction, probably know what is missing components, be aware, there are well prepared to listen.

③ Listen Title: IELTS listening test designed to test the candidate discourse grasp of important facts and details, such as time, location, attitude, understanding of the facts and confirmation, so listen, candidates must be targeted to concentrate on capturing the signal words critical information needed to answer. Do not try to split the effort to understand every word, and need not struggle for individual words, or more harm than good.(Listen to questions, please note: only the beginning of the first part of example only, one, two, three parts of a pause, the fourth section is not)

In listening, candidates need to do four areas:

a. With the logic used by the speaker to contact language and means to take care of the overall context of the listening text.

b. use of pre-reading information framework established discourse on lexical cohesion to make quick reaction, rapid and accurate grasp of key information.

c. not only to pay attention to the speaker’s re-read, and stress, but also acutely aware of the speaker’s tone and tone of such differences, according to the tone used by the speaker’s movements and tone of seriousness, humor or sarcasm to understand their implication . Only by grasping the speaker’s true intentions in order to obtain the correct answer.

d. the iron discipline to keep up with the speed issues, grasp the speaker’s rhythm. Not sure if a particular answer, or missed an issue, but also a bold guess, or to simply give up continue to do the following topics.

④ written question: If people read faster speech rate, or more consecutive short answer to the case of candidates is not easy to quickly spell out the words, particularly when a long letter word. At this time, may wish to use some abbreviations or symbols temporary replacement, the final answer and then transcribed the full spelling words such as: “education” can be abbreviated to “edu”; “equal” can be abbreviated to “=”;” market “can be abbreviated into the “mkt” (lack of time, you can write the consonants to the pronunciation of the word after the restore). But using shorthand must follow four principles: simple; proficiency; one correspondence; and can be restored. Many abbreviations skills is not enough skilled candidates to the blind use, transcribed answer, often can not remember a word corresponding abbreviations, there is no way to restore; some students on the spot to create acronyms out after the original words difficult to recall. Therefore, candidates if it is to use abbreviations in the listening test, must be proficient in the use of peacetime training, the exam will be handy, leisurely.

⑤ search question: after the end of each section of candidates have 30 seconds for checking answers.Guiding questions will tell what language they can check answers. I suggest that candidates try to within 30 seconds to hear the word completion, especially those of you unfamiliar with the abbreviations, to avoid hearing all over, the answer can not be reversed transcribed, and the remaining part of the time quickly see next item.

After hearing four parts, candidates have 10 minutes to answer the question book copying on a dedicated IELTS Listening Test answer sheet. 10 minutes can be used to transcribe the answer is more than enough, for some students, these 10 minutes really can be called “Little Fairy.” Because such a long time, candidates will be able to make good use of sound as long as the answer for scoring opportunities.

Moreover, check answers in the transcription, with particular attention to the following points:

a. case of problems

If the candidate practice of using capital to all capital, so wrong. Candidates If you are used lower case, it would need to pay attention to some rules of the first letter capitalized: ⅰ general requirements for the contents of the form which capitalized; ⅱ general requirements for the special term capital, such as time (Sunday) Venue (Church Road) name (Peter) posts (Professor ); ⅲ context but also the corresponding position uppercase (this is easy to overlook, candidates need to pay special attention)

b. abbreviation problem

Can be used universally recognized abbreviations, such as pound and dollar symbols on the proposed use of abbreviations, am, pm, AD, BC and so can be written in the form of abbreviations, professor can be written as pro, but if someone names, need a big write Pro. Note that abbreviations are marked with small dots. Date of expression, generally only accept two, such as the 8th August or August 8th, suggested the other candidates do not use abbreviations.

c. grammar problems

Check the answer must pay attention to the singular and plural nouns, verb agreement, verb tense and voice and other issues. IELTS examiners are very strict, if for some small issues to be points, it is a pity, so the candidates remember the last review syntax error.

d. word limit problem

If the subject is mentioned in NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS, once the candidate’s answers more than 3 words, it must be penalized, even if it is a or the, it is recommended that candidates check again before the number of words transcribed answers to requirements.

e. spelling problems

IELTS test is a high frequency words in the word British or American spelling can be. Proper nouns in the tape will be spelled out. But the answer requires IELTS Listening entirely correct spelling, so the spelling of a review of candidates is also necessary.

Overall, the IELTS listening test is task-based test, which according to English Nature in the context of real-life testing requirements to determine the objectives and tasks to the use of real life and social “survival language” (survival language), and education work and training places in the use of “academic language” (academic language) as the test corpus to assess the candidates ability to access information. IELTS great time pressure; accent mixed; Text wide range of topics, content, vast; various kinds of questions, the difficulty increases; and test content and more information is synonymous with conversion, these have formed the IELTS listening exam difficult. So if want to get high scores on the IELTS listening test, in addition to familiar with the exam techniques, the power of language to enhance the real IELTS listening test is successfully address the “magic” and “fundamental.”

Finally, a word given to the majority of candidates, both winning the highest principle of IELTS Listening is the most fundamental strategy –

“Be an active and responsive listener and focus on the key information!” I wish you all the IELTS listening test could achieve good results!

 

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - 07 June 2011 at 13:16

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Policy guidance for IELTS Listening

2011 IELTS test has begun, through the 2010 examination laws of view, IELTS practice increasingly dependent on the internal strength. Listening is no exception, in 2010 the examination, the topic and declining proportion of the old problems and new issues to increase the percentage. Then in 2011 the candidates, in hearing what issues should pay attention to pro forma, how different score requirements for information. The following New Oriental Online Class IELTS Listening counseling teacher examination in 2010 through the analysis of summary review of 2011 made ​​some suggestions to help the candidates are.

First, understand the IELTS examination and hearing the form of a question

IELTS listening test is divided into four parts, part of the dialogue 1, 3, 2, 4 parts of a monologue; some students may be used to listen to the dialogue, because Youwenyouda, the answer is relatively easy to hear it. We are not used to listening to monologues, so in practice to listen to some of monologue, used in the form of IELTS.

IELTS other kinds of questions more, there are forms, complete sentences, questions and answers and options, of which the first three are required to write answers. Multiple-choice questions do not need to write, but need to listen to when you read option.

In addition to these regular exam, and some times often to test, with questions and problems with maps. Map questions mainly test our side to find the time to listen to directions; with the test in question is the time to listen-to-listen and read casual working and options, examine the abstract thinking, more difficult. In addition to these also appeared drawn, illustration questions, comprehensive title, category, format will be with a lot of. Wanted to test a good first thing is to understand the different kinds of questions, different kinds of questions we need different capabilities; we need to adapt to it.

Second, the 2010 Examinations in IELTS Listening Summary

Questions and IELTS in 2010, there is no change of scene, with changes in the past mainly been on the machine, based on years of counseling experience in IELTS, IELTS 2010 machines of all years in the least by the test, that is, the old exam questions the least, the new title managed to get most of the year.

2010, 48 examinations were part of 192, only the 86 part of the old questions, new questions, old questions only 43% in previous years, generally at least 50% or even 80%.

III, Class 3 candidates pro forma guidance IELTS Listening strategies

1, hope it `s to 5.5 hours of language study abroad

For those who want to reach students from 5 to 5.5 points does not matter even beginners, the first basic vocabulary can enter the intake of phrases and sentences, that when you listen to react. If you can recite, some more oral and written texts can guarantee the 5.5. Hearing the words to “Listen to this” initial hearing to listen to the first 18 lessons, listening familiar, that listening and speaking test to a 5.5 is no problem. Cook 5 times the title 10 times, get all the words phrase sentences, the subject of practice to do it again, together with Cambridge, the subject did not have a problem. This is the beginners to 5.5 points, take 3 months.

2, Reading to go abroad or graduate school of 6 to 6.5

For the basis of 5 points, to undergraduate or postgraduate study abroad is about two to three months time, under normal learning two hours training each day with a hearing a month, a half point increase is very easy. The goal of fraction 6 to 6.5 students, suggested the accumulation of vocabulary will be able to reach 8000 or so. Grammar vocabulary familiar enough to make you reach 6 points, or 6.5 points. If would like to improve the hearing, then to do something a little “Listen to this” second half of book, hearing test to 6 to 6.5 points to no problem.

3, good schools to study abroad, the need to test to students from 7 to 7.5 points

Wanted to test to students from 7 to 7.5 points from 6 to 6.5 on the basis of generally 2 to 3 months, listening to the material can be coupled with “Listen to this” hearing before the 18 Intermediate class. It cooked together the Cambridge series of exercises, listening exam 7 to 7.5 hours is also very easy. 8 test points if you want to do the latter half of mid-level listening volume, would be sufficient.

Meanwhile, pro forma hearing, the hearing is important to enhance the basic capabilities, but listening skills make you more with less in the exam. It is recommended that the best candidates reported to training courses. Choice of courses vary from person to person, in addition to general awareness in the people face to face classes, network classes is also very good option. New Oriental to the classroom to an example network, the first lecture from the constraints of time and place, and can repeatedly listen to and help to gradually break the weak links, the candidates for the relatively poor foundation, the validity period of 200 days, can guarantee Candidates for quite some time to learn, coupled with classroom teachers to teach some of the elements, techniques, even if the exam, however, can continue to further study through the online course in preparation for the next exam.

 

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - 25 April 2011 at 18:07

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